A colposcopy is a visual gynaecological examination of the cervix and vagina done with a magnifying optical device called colposcope (microscope), which helps detect inflammatory, precancerous or cancerous lesions.
The physician will sometimes perform a guided biopsy. This involves taking minuscule samples of the cervix wall, which will then be placed on a slide for analysis through a microscope. The examination lasts about 15 minutes.
A rest period is not necessary after a colposcopy. Normally, you can continue your normal daily activities. If a biopsy has been performed, some bleeding may occur for one or two days. Avoid sexual intercourse in the three days following the examination.