Ligation or occlusion of the fallopian Tubes

Ligation or occlusion of the fallopian Tubes

Female sterilization by means of tubal ligation is a surgical intervention where both fallopian tubes are disconnected. Fallopian tubes are mainly used to transport the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. This procedure is considered a permanent intervention.

How does it work?

There are two different types of surgical procedures or one day intervention for female sterilization, all practiced by gynecologists.

Fallopian tubes ligation :

  • Laparoscopy : A small abdominal incision will be made on the patient for the fallopian tubes removal by the doctor under general anesthesia.
  • Abdominal removal : During a C-section, the gynecologist can have fallopian tubes removed as per pre-established agreement with the patient.

Fallopian tubes occlusion :

  • Hysteroscopy : The process consist of inserting clips through the vagina to block the fallopian tubes under local anesthesia. The intervention is only fully effective after 3 months, an ultrasound or X-ray is done to verify and confirm that both fallopian tubes are completely blocked.


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It is one of the most effective female sterilization, but failure to protect against pregnancy can still happen even many years after the procedure. Failure rate varies and depends on the technique used. Make sure to get the most recent data and information from your health care provider before choosing the best and most adapted procedure for you.

  • Effective, discreet, and Safe
  • Long term and permanent through a simple intervention
  • No interruption in sex life / activities
  • Will not affect sexual performance
  • Non-Hormonal
  • Low cost
  • Can decrease ovarian cancer – for tube ligation option
  • No incision and scars / procedure can be done in an outpatient clinic – for tube occlusion
  • Permanent et irreversible
  • Risk of regretting the choice made
  • Possibility of short-term complications due to the surgical intervention: pain, bleeding, infections, and trauma towards the abdomen organs
  • Possibility of complications linked to the insertion of the clips: pain, cramps. and bleeding
  • Risk of ectopic pregnancy in case of procedure failure
  • Do not protect against STIs
  • Fallopian tubes might heal and reconnect naturally – for tubes ligation procedure
  • Fallopian tubes occlusion is not effective instantly and requires a follow up appointment to confirm that the procedure was successful / There is also a rare risk of not being able to insert the clips or for the clips to slide out of place