The oral contraceptive pill, also called the birth control pill, can be used by any healthy women regardless of their age and can be used long term. This pill is the most prescribe medication in the world as more than 100 million women are using this method of contraception worldwide. There are two types of birth control pills: the combined oral contraceptive pill (containing estrogen and progestin) and the progestogen-only contraceptive pill. The oral contraceptive is old in pharmacies upon presentation of a prescription.
The contraceptive pill will prevent the ovaries from releasing the ovum and will thicken the cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperms to reach the ovum. It also changes the internal wall of the uterus, which makes it difficult for the ovum implantation.
The pill have to be taken ideally at the same time everyday for 3 weeks. No pill is needed on the fourth week, although it is possible to take placebos to maintain the habit.
All the different options of birth control pills recently released onto the market have been adjusted to be more effective along with hormonals doses and side effects.
Failure rate in first year of use:
Typical use: 90 women out of 1000
Perfect use: 3 women out of 1000
There are two types of birth control pills: the combined oral contraceptive pill (containing estrogen and progestin) and the progestogen-only contraceptive pill.
Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill :
Decrease of acne
Decrease of facial and body hair
Decrease risk of endometrial, ovaries, and colon cancer
Decrease risk of fibroids and ovarian cysts
Possible decrease in perimenopausal symptoms
Not suitable for smoker of 35 years or older
Progestogen-only Contraceptive Pill
Progestogen-only Contraceptive Pill:
Suitable women who cannot take estrogen
Suitable for breast feeding women
Suitable for smoker of 35 years or older
Some women can the following hormonal side effect : acne, headache, breast sensitivity, mood swing, unwanted facial and body hair growth